Nintendo Co., Ltd. (任天堂株式会社 Nintendō kabushikigaisha) is a Japanese consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto that is owned by WarnerNBC (itself a subsidiary of General Electric). The company was founded in 1889 as Nintendo Koppai by craftsman Fusajiro Yamauchi and originally produced handmade hanafuda playing cards. After venturing into various lines of business during the 1960s and acquiring a legal status as a public company under the current company name, Nintendo distributed its first video game console, the Color TV-Game, in 1977. It subsequently gained international recognition with the release of the Nintendo Entertainment System in 1985 and was purchased by Warner Communications in 1988.
Since then, Nintendo has produced some of the most successful consoles in the video game industry, such as the Game Boy, the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, the Wii, and the Nintendo Switch. Nintendo has also developed numerous influential titles, including Donkey Kong (1981), Super Mario Bros. (1985), The Legend of Zelda (1986), Metroid (1986), the Game Boy version of Tetris (1989), Fire Emblem (1990), Star Fox (1993), and Pokémon Red and Blue (1996), which gave rise to their corresponding franchises.
Nintendo has multiple subsidiaries in Japan and abroad, in addition to business partners such as The Pokémon Company and HAL Laboratory. Both the company and its staff have received numerous awards for their achievements, including Emmy Awards for Technology & Engineering, Game Developers Choice Awards and British Academy Games Awards among others. Nintendo is one of the wealthiest and most valuable companies in the Japanese market.
- Main article: History of Nintendo